glossary

Glossary


501(c)(3) -
Is an official tax exempt status from the IRS. The tax exempt organization is eligible to receive tax-deductible contributions . these Organizations are commonly referred to as charitable organizations.

AIDS -
A(cquired) I(mmune) D(eficiency) S(yndrome)Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome-
fatal viral disease of the body's immune system, transferred through blood, sexual contact, contaminated hypodermic needles, or the like (acronym for "acquired immune deficiency syndrome").

Asante sana-
Thank you

Banda Village-
lies On the periphery of Nyungwe Forest . Banda's High population density (up to 500 people per square kilometer). Land scarcity and crushing poverty have forced the people of Banda to engage in activities that threaten to destroy Nyungwe and their own long-term livelihoods. Banda village is to benefit from the Kageno project in Rwanda.

Bush Meat-
In Africa, forest is often referred to as 'the bush', thus wildlife and the meat derived from it is referred to as 'bushmeat' This term applies to all wildlife species, including threatened and endangered, used for meat including: elephant; gorilla; chimpanzee and other primates; forest antelope (duikers); crocodile; porcupine; bush pig; cane rat; pangolin; monitor lizard; guinea fowl; etc.

Most bushmeat is illegally, commercially and/or unsustainably derived from wildlife, including that characterized by:
• Illegal methods of hunting (wire snares, unregistered guns);
• Illegal species (endangered, threatened, or protected);
• Taken from unauthorized areas; and
• Unsustainable offtake for commercial trade or non-commercial uses.

Commercial hunting for the meat of wild animals has become the most significant immediate threat to the future of wildlife in Africa and around the world; it has already resulted in widespread local extinctions in Asia and West Africa. This threat to wildlife is a crisis because it is rapidly expanding to countries and species which were previously not at risk, largely due to an increase in commercial logging, with an infrastructure of roads and trucks that links forests and hunters to cities and consumers. The bushmeat crisis is a human tragedy as well: the loss of wildlife threatens the livelihoods and food security of indigenous and rural populations most depend on wildlife as a staple or supplement to their diet, and bushmeat consumption is increasingly linked to deadly diseases like HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and Foot and Mouth disease.

Clear Cut-
to remove all trees or vegetation from an area.

Clinic -
a facility for diagnosis and treatment of outpatients.
Also a place where people meet to learn about a specialized topic like HIV/AIDS and health care.

community development-
to make active or promote the growth of the community.

craft-
a term used in Africa for hand made items (crafts) made to sell.

cyanotype-
a photographic print in white on a bright blue background made usually on paper or cloth sensitized with iron salts. The iron salts darken during exposure in natural sun light, then the print is washed in water to remove any unexposed emulsion.

demographic-
the statistical characteristics of human populations (as age or income) used especially to identify a segment of that group.

Dholuo-
is the native language of the Luo people in the Kageno Kenya's project site. This language is also called Luo.

ecology-
the scientific study of the relationships between living things and their environments.

eco-tourism-
ecologically sound vacations: a form of tourism that strives to minimize ecological or other damage to areas visited for their natural or cultural interest

enable-
to help make possible, to give means or power to, to help someone gain the ability to do something.

empower-
to give somebody a greater sense of confidence or self-esteem.

equator-
the imaginary circle around the earth's globe equidistant from both the North and South Poles.
The sun's rays hit the equator at a direct angle between 23 ° N and 23 ° S latitude. Radiation that reaches the atmosphere here is at its most intense.

feces-
digested waste material discharged from the bowels ; excrement.
Animal/human solid waste.

football -
what Americans call soccer. A game in which two teams of eleven players attempt to advance a ball into an opposing goal by kicking or striking it with body parts other than the hands and arms.

harambe-
is a Kenyan tradition of fundraising and literally means
“Coming Together As One” in Swahili. These events have long been important in East Africa as a way to build and maintain communities.

healthcare-
medical attention,supervision, awareness, attentiveness to one's general mental and physical condition.

HIV-
(h)uman (i)mmunodeficiency (v)irus
virus disabling immune system: either of two strains of a retrovirus, HIV-1 or HIV-2, that destroys the immune system's helper T cells, the loss of which causes AIDS.

IGA -
( I)ncome (G)enerating( A)ctivity.

immunization-
to cause resistance, as by vaccination.

inhumane-
not suited to human life or needs. inhuman living conditions.

interdependent-
relying on one another; mutually dependent.

Kageno-
means A Place of Hope, in Dholuo, a Kenyan dialect.

Karibu-
Swahili word for welcome!

Kiswahili-
another name for the language of Swahili which is an African language with some Arabic roots that is used in east Africa and parts of Zair

Kolunga Beach-
Fishing Village located on Rusinga island on Lake Victoria, Kenya.
This is where Kageno Kenya is located.

Lake Victoria -
Africa's largest freshwater lake and source of the river Nile, with shorelines in Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya.

latrine-
a toilet for use by many, in Kageno's case without plumbing.

Luo-
a member of a people living mainly in southwest Kenya.
Also,the Nilotic language of the Luo people.

malaria -
an infectious disease transmitted by mosquitoes and marked by recurring attacks of chills, fever, and sweating
.
malnutrition-
poor or inadequate nutrition.

migrant-
a person who travels from place to place to find employment or work.

mission statement-
a summary describing the aims, values, and overall plan of an organization or individual.

mobilization-
to be or become assembled, organized, or prepared.

Montane -
of or inhabiting mountainous country.

mother tongue-
one's first or native language.

multifaceted-
having several aspects or stages; complex or various.

NGO-
(n)on-(g)overnmental (o)rganization.

net ball-
name used for the game basket ball in the area the Kageno Kenya project is located.

network-
a system or process that involves a number of persons, groups or organizations.

non for profit-
A nonprofit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit ) is an organization whose primary objective is to support some issue or matter of private interest or public concern.

non-governmental organization (NGO) -
An organization that does not receive any money from the government .

Nyungwe Forest-
is a National Park and is one of Africa's largest remaining mid-altitude forest blocks and home to a number of rare, endemic species and extensive biodiversity. It provides seventy-five percent of Rwanda's water supply and protects the surrounding areas from soil erosion.

omena-
A fish(herring) that is caught in Lake Victoria.

orphan-
a person, especially a child, whose parents have died.

outreach-
an organization’s involvement with or activity in a community.

philanthropy -
a feeling of love and goodwill toward humankind in general, especially when expressed with charitable works or gifts.

photogram -
A photograph made without using a camera; normally by placing an object in contact with photosensitive paper and exposing it to light.

proactive -
Acting in advance to deal with an expected difficulty.

project site -
the area or exact plot of ground on which a project exists.

reforestation-
To replant a forest, especially after clear-cutting.

Rwanda -
Country in Eastern Africa. Official name: Rwandese Republic.

Rusinga island -
Rusinga Island is in the northeastern corner of Lake Victoria, Africa's largest freshwater lake and source of the river Nile. In Kenyan waters, it is 80 miles west of the Masai Mara.

sanitation-
the hygienic disposal or recycling of waste, as well as the policy and practice of protecting health through hygienic measures.

silt-
fine sand, clay or other material carried by running water and deposited as a sediment, especially in a channel or harbor. Silt is a problem on deforested land as it runs off into the water and causes all sorts of environmental devastation. This would not happen if the vegetation was in place on the land.

sorghum-
grass raised for grain, native to tropical and subtropical regions of Eastern Africa. Sorghum is used for food, fodder, and the production of alcoholic beverages.

standard-
in regards to this site, is the grade level in school.
example: he attends standard 5.

sustainable-
to keep in existence.

Swahili-
an African language with some Arabic roots that is used in east Africa and parts of Zair.

taka taka-
Swahili word for trash

tax exempt-
not subject or liable to taxation.

TB-
Tuberculosis (often called TB) is an infectious disease that usually attacks the lungs, but can attack almost any part of the body. Tuberculosis is spread from person to person through the air.

town-
a settlement ; an area with residential districts, shops and amenities, and its own local government.

typhoid -
Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the bacterium Salmononella Typhi. Common worldwide, it is transmitted by ingestion of food or water contaminated with feces from an infected person.

VCT-
(V)oluntary (C)ounseling and (T)esting.

Village-
a rural habitation of size, smaller than a town.

Voluntary Counseling and Testing-
The AIDS Voluntary Testing and Counseling Center is a place where people can come and get tested for Aids to learn one's status. and also receive counseling.

VSAT-
stands for (V)ery (S)mall( A)perture (T)erminal. VSAT is satellite Internet and is how Kageno is able to have internet at our project sites which are in very remote places. These locations have no electricity, running water phone lines or cable lines.

water hyacinth-
a highly destructive aquatic plant that forms dense colonies that block sunlight, clog water intakes, and crowd out native species.

WCS -
(W)ildlife( C)onservation (S)ociety.

Wildlife Conservation Society-
USA organization managing national and international conservation projects, research and education programs. The Wildlife Conservation Society saves wildlife and wild lands through careful science, international conservation, education, and the management of the world’s largest system of urban wildlife parks.